How to knit & crochet 

Crochet

Crochet Abbreviations

CH - Chain

DC (SC in the US) - Double crochet

TR (DC in the US) - Treble

SL ST - Slip stitch

YO - yarn over

RND - Round

Useful Kit

Crochet hook

Stitch markers

Tapestry needle

Toy stuffing

Safety eyes

Slip Knot

Make a loop, put the hook through the loop and draw the yarn through (one loop on hook), pull to tighten.

Yarn over hook & pull through the loop on hook, then repeat.

Chain (CH)

Double Crochet (DC)

Insert the hook into the chain stitch, yarn over hook, pull it through (2 loops on hook), yarn over hook again and pull through both loops.

Chain two stitches first (to give it height), Yarn over hook first, insert the hook into the chain stitch, yarn over hook, pull it through (3 loops on hook), yarn over hook again and pull through all loops.

Half treble (HTR)

Treble (TR)

Chain three stitches first (to give it height), Yarn over hook first, insert the hook into the chain stitch, yarn over hook, pull it through (3 loops on hook), yarn over hook again and pull through the first two loops, yarn over hook again and pull through two remaing loops.

Insert hook into the stitch, Yarn over hook and pull through the stitch, insert into next stitch, yarn over hook and pull through the stitch (3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and pull through all loops on hook

Crochet two together

Slip Stitch (SL ST)

Insert hook through stitch, yarn over hook and pull through stitch (2 loops on hook), pull the loop closest to the hook through the other one.

Cut the yarn, remove the hook and pull the cut end through the loop. pull to tighten.

Fasten Off

Simple Crochet Scarf or Blanket

Rnd 1/ make a magic ring with 6 DC or chain 2 then crochet 6 DC in the second chain from the hook. Mark each round using a stitch marker.

Rnd2/ 2 DC in each ST (12)

Rnd 3/ (1 DC, 2 DC in next ST) to end (18)

Rnd 4/ (2 DC,  2 DC in next ST) to end (24)

Rnd 5/ (3 DC, 2 DC in next ST) to end (30)

Rnd 6/ (4 DC, 2 DC in next ST) to end (36)

Rnds 7 to 10/ 1 DC in each (36)

Rnd 11/ (4 DC, crochet 2 together) to end (30)

Rnd 12/ (3 DC, DC 2 TOG) to end (24)

Rnd 13/ (2 DC, DC 2 TOG) to end (18) Stuff your ball.

Rnd 14/ (1 DC, DC 2 TOG) to end (12)

Rnd 15/ DC 2 TOG to end (6) Fasten off leaving a long tail. Sew the remaining stitches together to close.

You will need a few balls of 50g wool for these projects.For a scarf chain 30 (or make it wider if you like by increasing the chain) & for a blanket chain 100 (or more!)

Row 1/ Chain 3, Treble in 3rd from hook, then treble in each chain stitch.

Row 2/ chain 3 & turn, then treble in each stitch or in the spaces in between the trebles to give the pattern an offset.

Repeat row 2 until you are happy with the length. Fasten off. Weave in the ends.

Crochet Ball -

garlands, heads, Christmas baubles

Knitting

Knitting Abbreviations

K - Knit, P - Purl

ST - Stockinette 

M1 - Make 1

KTOG - Knit 2 together

PSSO - Pass slip stich over

RS & WS - Right side & wrong side

Useful Kit

Knitting needles

Stitch markers

Tapestry needle

Toy stuffing

Safety eyes

Cast on

Make a slip knot on the left needle (as in crochet). insert the right needle into the slip knot. wind the yarn around the right needle. pull the loop through with the tip of the right needle & put it on the left needle (two stitches on left needle). Insert the right needle between the two stitches. Wind the yarn around & pull it through again. Place the stitch on the left needle. Repeat until you have the desired number of stitches.

Insert right needle (under the left needle) into the first stitch on the left needle.Wind the yarn  (anti-clockwise) around the right-hand needle. Pull the yarn through the loop using the tip of the right-hand needle. Slip the stitch off the left needle (stitch is now on the right needle).

Purl (P)

Knit (K)

Insert the right needle(over the left needle) into the first stitch on the left needle (Make sure the working yarn is in front of the work), Wind the yarn(anti-clockwise) around the the right-hand needle. Push the needle down & back through the stitch on the left needle. Slip the remains of the stitch off the left needle.

Knit one stitch but don't slip it off the left needle. In this position move the right-hand needle under the left one. insert it into the stitch and knit again.

Increase - Knit front & back) (KFB)

Decrease - Knit 2 together 

(KTOG)

Insert the needle into the next two stitches instead of just one (as in knit stitch). wind the yarn around the right needle. Pull the yarn through using the tip of the right needle. Slip the stitch off the left needle - stitch is now on the right needle.

Knit two stitches. *Use the point of the left-hand needle to pull the first stitch over the next one and off the needle (one stitch is left on the right-hand needle). Knit another stitch then repeat from *.

When you have one stitch left cut the yarn and pull it through the last loop.

Cast off

Stockinette

Stockinette stitch is alternating rows of knit & purl

You will need a couple of balls of 50g wool for this.

Row 1/ Cast on 50 stitches (or as many as you like - you can choose the width)

Rows 2 to 100*/ knit 50 or stockinette (knit & purl alternated rows)

*Make it as long as you like

Change the yarn colour on different rows to make stripes.

To make a snood sew the two short ends together.

Knit Scarf or Snood

Crochet tube -

arms, legs, worms!

Rnd 1/ Chain 8 (or as many as you like - the more you chain the wider the tube will be) and join with a slip stitch. It can be tricky yo join it the correct way round! chain 1. does not count as a stitch. Mark with a stitch marker. 

Rnds 2 to */ DC in each (8)

* Make as many rounds as you like - the more rounds, the longer the tube. Slip stitch & fasten off.

To make an arm, stuff the tube and sew it closed at one end.

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